Circulation and mixing processes in the Arctic Mediterranean Sea

  • Participating scientists
  • Bert Rudels (project leader)
  • Marika Marnela
  • Meri Korhonen
  • Patrick Eriksson

Project goals

The project aims to examine the characteristics and circulation of water masses in the Arctic Ocean. It also studies the different mixing processes in the Arctic Ocean and how they affect the formation and transformation of water masses. The exchanges of water masses, heat and freshwater between the Arctic Ocean and the Nordic Seas are also examined.

The work is made through field observations, analyses of historical data and by descriptive and theoretical studies.

The project is carried out in cooperation with FMI and has also been a part of and received funding from the EU projects VEINS (Variability of Exchanges In the Northern Seas) (1997-2000), ASOF-N (Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes) (2003-2006), Damocles (Developing Arctic Modelling and Observing Capabilities for Long-term Environmental Studies) (2005-2010). Funding has also been received from the Academy of Finland (2005-2008).

Apart from the larger EU projects close cooperation has been established between the Departments of Oceanography and of Analytical and Marine Chemistry at Göteborg University and with the Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research in Bremerhaven.

Relevant publications:

  • Rudels, B., Jones, E.P., Schauer, U. and Eriksson, P. 2004: Atlantic Sources of the Arctic Ocean surface and halocline waters. Polar Research, 23, 181-208.
  • Carmack, E., Barber, D., Christensen, J., Macdonald, R., Rudels, B. and Sakshaug, E. 2006: Climate variability and physical forcing of the food webs and the carbon budget on panarctic shelves. Progress in Oceanography 71, 145-181. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2006.10.005.
  • Björk, G., Jakobsson, M., Rudels, B., Swift, J.H., Anderson, L.G. Darby, D.A. Backman, J., Coakley, B. Winsor, P., Polyak, L. Edwards, M. 2007: Bathymetry and deep-water exchange across the central Lomonosov Ridge at 88°-89°N. Deep Sea Research, 54, 1197-1208 doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2007.05.010.
  • Rudels, B., Marnela, M. and Eriksson, P. (2008) Constraints on estimating mass, heat and freshwater transports in the Arctic Ocean – an exercise. In R.R Dickson, J. Meincke & P. Rhines: Arctic – Subarctic Ocean Fluxes, Springer, Dordrecht, 315-341.
  • Marnela, M., Rudels, B., Olsson, K.A., Anderson, L.G., Jeansson, E., Torres, D.J., Messias, M.-J., Swift, J.H. and Watson, A.J. (2008) Transports of Nordic Seas water masses and excess SF6 through Fram Strait to the Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography 78, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.06.004.
  • Rudels, B. (2009) Arctic Ocean Circulation. Encyclopedia of Ocean Science 2nd. Ed, " Eds J. Steele, S. Thorpe and K. Turekian. Academic Press, 3471-3486.
  • Marnela, M., Rudels, B. and Eriksson, P. (2009) Circulation and water mass transformation in the Arctic Ocean, Geophysica, 45, 147-162.
  • Rudels, B., Kuzmina, N., Schauer, U., Stipa, T. and Zhurbas, V. (2009) Double-diffusive convection and interleaving in the Arctic Ocean – Distribution and importance, Geophysica, 45, 199-213.
  • Rudels, B. (2010) Constraints on exchanges in the Arctic Mediterranean – Do they exist and can they be of use? Tellus, 62A, 109-122.